El- Massria Integrated Schools
 
 
 

Pre-Kindergarten

At EIS, the Pre-Kindergarten year is one of growth and discovery physically, socially, intellectually and personally.

Our students discover that they are capable of many new things.  During this important time a child's physical development is influenced by their ability to control their own bodies through movement while developing physical wellbeing and strength. They can kick a ball harder, balance block construction with more dexterity and become more independent in the management of their personal needs.

With their teacher's assistance, our students learn to use these skills to develop respect for themselves and others.  As they learn how to become a valued member of our classroom community, they also learn how to co-operate effectively with their teachers and each other.  They are encouraged to use words rather than gestures to ask for help.  They also develop these skills when interacting with each other, our teachers modeling how to resolve conflict and make compromises.

The EIS Pre-Kindergarten Program helps our students to become risk takers by providing a comfortable environment for them to explore and experiment with new materials and concepts.  The best way to foster independence is to let each child know what to expect from their school day.  Daily routines provide a consistent and safe environment in which our students can assume responsibilities such as washing their hands, getting and setting up their own snacks and cleaning up their posts when they have finished assigned tasks and activities.  At EIS, independence is encouraged and fostered at all times.

Physical Development
Through opportunities for physical play, our students become progressively more skilled at tasks that require body co-ordination, becoming more aware of how they can use their bodies to express ideas and feelings.  They achieve this by moving in different ways as they respond to their moods and feelings or to music or imaginative ideas.
During the Pre-Kindergarten year, children are exposed to:

  • energetic activities both indoors and outdoors
  • a range of different ways in which to use their bodies in physical activity
  • music and imaginative ideas through rhythmic and expressive Movement
  • running, jumping, skipping, climbing, balancing, throwing and catching with increasing skill and confidence
  • working with others co-operatively in physical play and games
  • activities using the fine motor movements of their fingers and hands
  • safety in using tools and equipment

Intellectual Development
Intellectual development involves a child's ability to think reason and solve problems. It includes forming concepts, remembering ideas and recognizing objects.

During the Pre-Kindergarten year, children are exposed to:

  • learning about colors and their names
  • comparing objects
  • Shapes
  • storytelling and responses to stories
  • using English words to communicate
  • making predictions
  • Measuring
  • Sequencing

Social Development
During this year, children learn to interact with new children and adults in their lives.  They learn social skills that include sharing, co-operating and following rules.
During the Pre-Kindergarten year, children are exposed to:

  • using gentle and kind play
  • listening to teachers, adults and classmates
  • taking turns while using classroom materials
  • sharing classroom materials and toys
  • cleaning up after themselves
  • using the words "please" and "thank you" when making a request

Language Development
Language development is a significant focus at the Pre-Kindergarten level as children are learning to express themselves through words for the first time.
During the Pre-Kindergarten year, children are exposed to :

  • Songs
  • finger plays
  • story telling
  • books and other environmental print
  • oral language activities and experiences
  • teacher's modeling correct language use
  • resolving conflicts using words
  • activities using the fine motor movements of their fingers

Activities
Materials and concepts are largely presented to children through a variety of classroom centers.  The following is a description of a number of these widely used centers that are available in the classroom for our students to explore.

Blocks
Through interactive play with blocks, children develop concepts relating to size, shape, space, weight, balance and symmetry.  They also improve manipulative skills alongside language and social skills that include negotiating and compromising. In addition, they derive satisfaction from completing tasks which results in the enhancement of self-confidence.  Critical thinking skills are developed through planning and problem solving.

The use of blocks is also the beginning of abstract thinking as children use objects to represent other things such as houses or car garages.

Library
In the library area children can improve and develop oral language, listening and reading skills, in addition to learning new concepts and developing a love of books.

Drawing Table and Art Center
The art center enhances creative expression.  Social skills, oral language, small motor  and co-operative skills are all refined through the representation of ideas and the exploration of different art materials and concepts including size, shape, texture and color.  Children can express their feelings and find pleasure through art experiences.

Clay
While using clay, children strengthen their finger muscles which are used when writing.  They share ideas and materials, practice social skills and increase their vocabulary through actions.  Words such as cutting, slicing, pounding, squeezing and rolling are introduced while they creatively experiment with clay.

Small Motor Center
In small motor centers, children develop small muscles, eye hand co-ordination alongside spatial and perceptual skills.  They also increase their attention span, improve social skills and build concepts relating to size, shape, color and pattern.  Examples of the materials that children use include puzzles, pegboards, beads, play dough, Legos and clay.

Music
Through music, children improve their listening and motor skills, verbal expression and creativity.  They improve physical development through the exposure to beat, rhythm and tempo.  They derive personal enjoyment from joining in a melody and singing along in a group.

Sand and Water Table
Sand and water activities provide children with enjoyable sensory experiences while developing math concepts, language and small motor and social skills.

Cooking
Cooking is an integral part of the classroom.  Through cooking projects the children enjoy a variety of learning experiences that include:

cutting
beating
mixing
touching
discussing
singing
timing
expressing
pouring
squeezing
tasting
seeing
waiting
measuring
reading
listening
grinding
scooping
smelling
taking turns 
sharing
counting
sharing
co-operating

 
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